As part of the festivities for the 345th Anniversary of Puno, we recall the Inca legend of Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, founders of the Incan Empire, who began their journey in Lake Titicaca in Puno.
Also known as the Legend of Lake Titicaca, it tells us that the god Inti sent his children Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo (Warmiqari, which means “born from the foam of the lake”), with the mission of civilizing and teaching men and women.
He gave them a sacred walking stick and entrusted them with the task of inserting it into the ground wherever they travelled; the place where it was able to be inserted would bcome the site of the capital of the empire.
The couple set out from one of the islands in Lake Titicaca, today called “Isla del Sol (Island of the Sun)”, and travelled north in search of a place to found the imperial capital. After several days of travel and unsuccessful attempts to pierce the earth, they arrived at Huanacaure Hill where the walking stick entered the ground upon the first attempt. This is where the capital of the Incan Empire was founded and, according to legend, where Incan civilization began.